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I. Rules for Reviewing a Publication

1. To evaluate each publication, the editorial board appoints at least two independent reviewers from outside the unit.
2. In case of texts written in a foreign language, at least one of the reviewers is affiliated in a foreign institution, other than the author’s nationality.
3. The editorial board employs the double-blind review process model in which the author (authors) and reviewers do not know each others’ identities.
4. In other situations, the editorial board obliges the reviewer to sign a declaration on No Conflict of Interests; a conflict of interests occurs when the following relations appear between the reviewer and the author:

a. Direct personal relations (kinship, legal relations, conflict);
b. The relations of professional subordination;
c. Direct scientific co-operation in the course of the last two years preceding the preparation of the review.

5. The review is written in form and is summarised by an unambiguous conclusion regarding the suitability of the article to be published or the declining (see: the appendix underneath).
6. The names of the reviewers of the individual publications are not revealed; once a year, the editorial board publishes a list of the co-operating reviewers.


II. Explanations Concerning the Ghost-writing

The thoroughness in science is a sine qua non condition. The readers ought to be certain that the authors of publications present the results of their scientific research clearly, thoroughly and honestly, irrespective of whether they are the publication’s direct authors, or whether they employed a specialised subject (a natural or an artificial person).

The public nature of the information on subjects contributing to the creation of a publication (the merits-related, the material, the financial input) is evidence for the scientist’s ethical attitude and is not only the sign of correct customs, but also of social responsibility. Ghost-writing and guest authorship are the examples of an opposite conduct.

Ghost-writing is a situation when somebody contributed to the creation of a publication significantly, yet their participation as one of the authors was not revealed and there was no information on their role in the acknowledgements of the publication.

A guest (honorary) authorship is a situation when the author’s participation is negligible or there has been no participation at all – yet, their name as the author (co-author) is written in the publication.

To counteract the cases of ghost-writing and guest authorship, the editorial board of “Nurt SVD” introduced appropriate procedures, specific for the presented realm or field of science and implemented the following solutions:

1. The editorial board requires from the authors to reveal the exact input of the individual authors in the writing process (with their affiliation and contribution to be specified, that is – the information on who the author of the conception is, guidelines, methods, protocol used while preparing the publication), with the author submitting the manuscript bearing the main responsibility.

2. The editorial board cautions that the ghost-writing and guest authorship are symptoms of scientific unreliability and every case of such will be exposed, including the notifying to appropriate subjects (the institutions employing such authors, scientific societies, scientific editors’ associations).

3. The editorial board reserves the right to access the information on the financial sources for the publication, the scientific and researching institutions’, societies’ and other subjects’ input (financial disclosure).

The editorial board reserves the right to record any example of scientific unreliability, especially of breaching the ethical rules binding in science.


III. Dissemination of the published works

In order to gain as broad readership as possible, and increase the prestige of Nurt SVD in the academia, articles published in Nurt SVD shall be made available in Polish and foreign database indexes. This shall be done with due respect for the author property rights and in compliance with the regulations of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education for rewarding credit points for scholastic publications.


IV. Editorial Tips

1. General Informations:
„Nurt SVD” the semi-annual consists of the following sections:

1) Articles
2) Studies
3) Interviews
4) Reports
5) Reviews


2. Preparing the text:

* The author submits a text to the „Nurt SVD” editorial board via e-mail to: Ten adres pocztowy jest chroniony przed spamowaniem. Aby go zobaczyć, konieczne jest włączenie w przeglądarce obsługi JavaScript.
* A preferred text editor: Word; font: Times New Roman; font size in the main text – 12; space between the lines – 1,5; font size in footnotes – 11.
* The margins on each page should be of the following sizes: upper and bottom – 25 mm, left and right – 25 mm.
* Formatting of the text should be limited: the indenting of the paragraphs, the centring, italics.
* The length of the texts sent to sections 1) and 2) should not exceed 30.000 characters (including footnotes and spaces), that is circa 18 pages according to the criteria specified above.
* The length of Interviews will be consulted with the editorial board.
* Reports and Reviews should not exceed 6.000 characters (spaces included), that is c. 3 pages according to the criteria specified above.
* Each text should be accompanied by a list of introduced abbreviations (according to the patterns submitted in Encyklopedia Katolicka, published by KUL).
* Each text submitted to the sections nos. 1) and 2) should be accompanied by: a short biography (500 characters with spaces), a passport size photograph of high resolution, an abstract in Polish (1.500 characters at maximum, that is a half of a page prepared according to the criteria specified above), together with key words in Polish (three to five, written underneath the title, before the text). The translation of the abstract and key words will be prepared by the editorial board.
* On page 1, in its left upper corner, the author submits their full name with the title of the scientific unit they represent: eg. George Smith, The Faculty of Theology, University of Oxford, England.
* The reviewed texts from the sections nos. 1) and 2), together with the review, are then returned to the authors. The author should read the review carefully, reply to the reviewer’s remarks and, after agreeing with them or denying them, via e-mail (see above) return the reviewed text, the review and the text’s corrected version to the editorial board.
* The editorial board of “Nurt SVD” accepts texts that have not been published anywhere else before (both in written as well as in electronic form). The authors are obliged to submit their statement confirming thus the originality of their work (see: item I).
* The editorial board does not return unordered texts and reserves the right to edit and shorten texts suitable for publication.


V. The Footnotes

1. Literature

1.1. A Book with a Single Author or Editor:
1 N. Davies, The Isles. A History1, Oxford 1999, s. 35.
2 H. Gardner, The Arts and Human Development, New York 1973, s. 491.

1.2 A Book with Two Authors or Editors:
3 L.V. Thomas, R. Luneau (red.), Les religions d’Afrique noire. Textes et traditions sacrés, Paris 1995, s. 53.
4 R. Highfield, P. Carter, The Private Lives of Albert Einstein, Oxford 1993, s. 109.

1.3 A Book with More than Two Authors or Editors:
5 5 F. Kabasélé i in. (red.), Chemins de la Christologie Africaine, Paris 1986, s. 31.
6 B.A. Maher i in. (red.), Progress in Experimental Personality Research, New York 1972, s. 45.

1.4 An Article or Essay in an Edited Collection of Articles/Essays with One Author:
7 L.S. Vygotsky, Genesis of the Higher Mental Functions, [w:] tenże, Learning to Think, London 1991, s. 112-142.
8 J. Pilch, Esesmański rechot, [w:] tenże, Pociąg do życia wiecznego, Warszawa 2007, s. 210-214.

1.5 An Article or Essay in an Edited Collection of Articles/Essays with More Than one Author or Editor:
9 T. Kitliński, Marcel Proust. Kiedy miłość odeszła, [w:] T. Basiuk (red.), Odmiany odmieńca, Warszawa 2001, s. 15-19.
10 J. Różański, Zmienność sojuszy: meandry politycznych Elit czadyjskich, [w:] A. Żukowski (red.), Ugrupowania polityczne i ruchy społeczne w Afryce, Olsztyn 2009, s. 11-41.

1.6 An Article Quoted after Another Author:
11 A. Rapaport, Shareholder Value. Wertsteigerung als Maßstab für Die Unternahmensfürung, Stuttgart 1995, s. 227, [za:] W. Skoczylas, Wartość przedsiębiorstwa w systemie jego oceny, Szczecin 1998, s. 12.

1.7 An Article in a Magazine:
12 A. Damasio, Jak mózg tworzy umysł, „Świat Nauki”, nr 1, styczeń 2003, s. 4.
13 M. Król, Ku wielkim inwestycjom, „Nowy Przemysł”, nr 6, czerwiec 2002, s. 78-90.

2. Internet

2.1 WWW Site:
14 Por. www.sejm.gov.pl [dostęp: 3.08.2007].
15 Zob. www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Merton [dostęp: 24.10.2009].

2.2. An Article from a Paper/Magazine – an Internet Edition:
16 S. Stanuch, Pornografia w sieci, „Gazeta Wyborcza” [on-line], www.gazeta.pl /Iso/Raporty/Komputer/001rap.html, 10.09.1999 [dostęp: 3.10.1999].
17 M. Gazzaniga, The Mind’s Past, “Journal of Technology Education” [on-line], www.gopher://borg.lib.vt.edu:70/1jte, styczeń 1989 [dostęp: 15.03.1995].

2.3. A Book Published On-line:
18 M. Kopernik, De revolutionibus [on-line], www.bj.uj.edu.pl/bjmanus/revol.html, Kraków, Neurosoft, cop. 1999 [dostęp: 2.04.2004].
19 L. Carroll, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland [on-line], www.germany.eu.net/ books/carroll/alice, Texinfo ed. 2.1, Dortmund, listopad 1994 [dostęp: 10.02.1995].

2.4. A CD-ROM:
20 W.H. Mcconnell, Constitutional History, [w:] The Canadian Encyclopaedia [CD-ROM], Macintosh version 1.1, Toronto 1993.
21 W. Kopaliński, Wielki multimedialny słownik Władysława Kopalińskiego [CD-ROM], wersja 1.00.000, Warszawa 2000.

3. Legal documents

3.1 Constitution of the Republic of Poland:
22 Konstytucja Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej z dnia 2 kwietnia 1997 r. (Dz. U. nr 78, poz. 483).

3.2 An Act of Parliament:
23 Ustawa z dnia 12 kwietnia 2001 r. Ordynacja wyborcza do Sejmu Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej i do Senatu Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej, (Dz. U. nr 46, poz. 499 z późn. zm.).
24 Art. 23 ustawy z dnia 14 marca 2003 r. o referendum ogólnokrajowym (Dz. U. nr 57, poz. 507).

3.3 A Canon from Canon Law:
25 Kan. 22 KPK z dnia 25 stycznia 1983 r.

26 Kan. 835, § 2 KPK z dnia 25 stycznia 1983 r.

4. The Same Book/Author Footnoted One after One

27 27 N. Davies, The Isles. A History, Oxford 1999, s. 35.
28 Tamże, s. 103.
29 H. Gardner, The Arts and Human Development, New York 1973, s. 491.
30 Tamże, s. 74-75.

5. The Same Book/Author Footnoted with Other Authors in Between

31 H. Gardner, The Arts and Human Development, New York 1973, s. 491.
32 N. Davies, The Isles. A History, Oxford 1999, s. 35.
33 H. Gardner, The Arts and…, dz. cyt., s. 49.


VI. Quoting

1. A Short Quotation – up to Three Verses:

As Thomas Martin in the Ancient Greece stated, “Ancient hunter-gatherers probably lacked laws, judges, and political organization in the modern sense,”, but then he added that “some Palaeolithic graves (…) in fact suggest that hunter-gatherers recognised social differences among individuals and that an individual’s special social status could be marked by the possession of more expensive or elaborate goods”.2 .

2. A Quotation Longer than Three Verses:

According to the APA format as far as handling quotations, citations and references – the basic rules are as follows:

“The first line of each entry in your reference list should be on the left margin. Subsequent lines should be indented five spaces from the margin. All references should be double-spaced. Capitalize only the first word of a title or subtitle of a work. Italicize titles of books and journals. Note that the italicising in these entries often continues beneath commas and periods. Each entry is separated from the next by a double space (thus the entire reference list is double spaced, with no extra returns added). Authors’ names are inverted (last name first); give last name and initials for all authors of a particular work”3 .

3. 1. A Quotation with a Quotation within:

As Kevin Morgan in the Introduction to his essay on The English Question – Regional Perspectives on a Fractured Nation questions:

„Should we attach any significance to the fact that many UK citizens seem to be confused as to the name of their country? In one of the most controversial revisionist histories of the UK, Norman Davies argues that it is significant when people are not familiar with the basic parameters of the state in which they live, when they do not know what it is called, when they fail to distinguish between the parts and the whole, and when they have never grasped the most elementary facts of its development. Confusion reigns on every hand, claims Davies, and it is not confined to the old Anglocentric habit of using «England»» as a shorthand for the British Isles or United Kingdom as a whole. The scale of the problem only begins to emerge, he says, «when one observes the inability of prominent authorities to present the history of our Isles in accurate and unambiguous terms»4. Here Davies is referring to mainstream histories of the UK which begin with the astonishing claim that «Britain is an island»”.5 .


1 While quoting English titles – please, write all the words in a title with capital letters (except for prepositions and articles if they are not first words in a title).

2 T.R. Martin, Ancient Greece. From Prehistoric to Hellenic Times, New Haven & London 2000, s. 7.

3 American Psychological Association, Quotations, Citations, References, Savannah 2003, s. 4.

4 N. Davies, The Isles. A History, Oxford 1999, s. 35.

5 K. Morgan, The English Question – Regional Perspectives on a Fractured Nation, Cardiff 2002, s. 2.


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